Thursday, January 3, 2008

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Pre-conquest, some of the indigenous peoples of what is today Mexico had decisionmaking structures based on participation, discussion, and consensus, hallmarks of modern anarchism. Today, indigenous community assemblies and collective decisionmaking inform some Mexican social movements of the left 'and below,' such as the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, and these practices have a large influence both on Mexican anarchism and anarchists in the United States and internationally.
In 1824 Robert Owen tried to develop his British colony in the Mexican province of Tejas New Harmony. His request was denied by the Mexican government.
In 1861 The Greek Plotino Rhodakanaty tried to implement the ideas of Fourier and Proudhon during the administration of President [Comonfort]. He published Cartilla Socialista a manual explaining the ideas of Fourier. Some of his adepts like Francisco Zalacosta, Santiago Villanueva, and Hermenegildo Villavicencio, became the first worker's rights activists in Mexico. Other students of Rhodakanaty founded a school called "La Social, Sección Internacionalista" following Bakunin. These activists organized one of the first mutualist societies in Mexico. Mutualism is the preferred term for anarchism by the Mexican authorities.
In 1869, student Chavez Lopez wrote the first

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