Friday, August 31, 2007

Keith Richards
Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English guitarist, songwriter, singer and a founding member of The Rolling Stones since 1962. With songwriting partner and Stones lead vocalist Mick Jagger, he has written and recorded hundreds of songs. As a guitarist Richards is mostly known for his innovative rhythm playing. In 2003, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Richards #10 in its list of "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".

Early life

Musical career
Richards has derived inspiration from Chuck Berry throughout his career. While The Rolling Stones were conceived as a rhythm and blues band, both Jagger and Richards were responsible for bringing the rock 'n' roll songs of Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry to the band. With Stones founding member and guitarist Brian Jones, Richards developed a two-guitar style of interwoven leads and rhythms. Jones was replaced by the virtuoso guitarist Mick Taylor (1969 – 1974), who contributed to some of the group's most well-regarded records. Taylor's addition also led to a pronounced separation in the duties of lead and rhythm guitar. Taylor's replacement in 1975 was the more rhythmically-oriented Ron Wood. Richards says the pairing with Wood has resulted in his most musically satisfying years with in The Stones.
Richards often uses guitars with open tunings which allow for syncopated and ringing I-IV chording that can be heard on "Start Me Up" and "Street Fighting Man." A five-string variant of the open G (borrowed from Don Everly of the Everly Brothers) which uses GDGBD unencumbered by a rumbling, lower 6th string, is prominent on "Honky Tonk Women," "Brown Sugar" and "Start Me Up". Though he still uses standard tunings, Richards claimed that his adoption of open tunings in the late sixties led to a musical "rebirth". When Jones' declining contributions left Richards to record all guitar parts - including slide guitar. After Taylor and later Wood, both accomplished slide players, joined the band, Richards almost completely stopped playing slide .
Richards - who has over 1000 guitars, some of which he has not played but was simply given - is often associated with the Fender Telecaster, but his main guitar of late appears to be an ebony Gibson ES-355, and he has often played Fender Stratocasters. It is often hard to detect by ear what guitar he plays. In Guitar World he joked that no matter what make of guitar, he can make them sound the same. On The Stones "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" Richards recorded the first top ten hit to feature a guitar fuzz effect which has since become commonplace., and many Stones hits including "Not Fade Away", "Satisfaction", "Street Fighting Man" and "Brown Sugar" feature acoustic guitar parts.
Richards' backing vocals appear on every Stones album, and since 1969's Let It Bleed, most Stones' releases contained a Richards lead vocal. He has also contributed occasional bass and keyboard parts. Richards has always been active in record production for the Stones and for himself, often in tandem with Mick Jagger (as the Glimmer Twins) and outside producers.

Guitar playing
Richards and Jagger began writing songs following the example of the Beatles' Lennon/McCartney and the encouragement of Stone's manager Oldham, who saw little future for a cover band. The Stones had many hits with Jagger/Richards-penned songs; 1965's "Satisfaction" was their first international #1 recording. Jagger/Richards songs reflected the influence of blues, R&B, and rock 'n' roll, and later incorporated soul, folk, pop, country, gospel, psychedelia, and the social commentary that Bob Dylan made prominent on Top 40 radio. Their work in the 1970s and beyond has incorporated elements of funk, disco, calypso, reggae, and punk. Since 1980 with "All About You", Richards has frequently written and recorded slow, torchy ballads.
With scattered exceptions, all Rolling Stones albums from 1966 onwards have consisted of songs credited to Jagger/Richards regardless of how much collaboration occurred. For solo recordings, Richards always credits a songwriting partner, frequently drummer and co-producer Steve Jordan.
Richards was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1993.

Songwriting
Richards released a solo single, "Run Rudolph Run", and toured with The New Barbarians in 1979, consisting of Stones guitarist Ronnie Wood, Faces keyboardist Ian McLagan, bassist Stanley Clarke and Meters drummer Ziggy Modeliste. Nonetheless Richards resisted sustained ventures outside of the Stones. Consequently his solo recordings are fewer than those of Jagger, Charlie Watts, and even Ronnie Wood.
When Jagger refused to tour behind Dirty Work, Richards actively pursued solo work. He formed Keith Richards and the X-pensive Winos in 1988 (first named Organized Crime) with Steve Jordan, who had drummed on the Stones' "Dirty Work" and on Hail! Hail! Rock 'N' Roll, a documentary of Chuck Berry's 60th birthday concert organized, produced and hosted by Richards.
Besides Steve Jordan, the X-pensive Winos featured Sarah Dash, Waddy Wachtel, Ivan Neville, Charley Drayton and Bernie Worrell. Their first release, Talk Is Cheap produced no Top 40 hits, though it went gold and has remained a consistent seller. It spawned a brief U.S. tour - one of only two that Richards has done as a solo artist. The first tour is documented on the Virgin release Live at the Hollywood Palladium, December 15, 1988. In 1992 Main Offender was released, and the Winos toured again through North and South America as well as Europe.
Richards' solo career put him in the role of frontman, and the Hollywood Palladium concert video showed a more active stage persona than the Richards seen in the documentary of the Stones' 1969 American tour, Gimme Shelter. Jagger and Richards resumed working with the Stones in 1989, the year they released Steel Wheels.

Solo recordings
Richards rarely recorded or appeared outside of The Rolling Stones during the 1960s and 70s. Exceptions were Richards playing bass with John Lennon, Eric Clapton, and Mitch Mitchell as The Dirty Mac for The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus TV special, and Keith singing with Mick and several guests on The Beatles' TV broadcast of "All You Need Is Love". In the 1970s Richards played and helped produce John Phillips' solo recording Pay, Pack & Follow, (released in 2001). He also appeared on some of Ronnie Wood's solo recordings in the 1970s. From the 1980s on Richards has more frequently appeared as a guest artist. He duetted with country legend George Jones on the Bradley Barn Sessions, singing "Say it's not You" as an homage to deceased friend Gram Parsons, and on a Hank Williams tribute album Timeless ("You Win Again"). He has also appeared on veteran blues guitarist Hubert Sumlin's About Them Shoes, singing lead vocal on "Still a Fool". He contributed guitar and vocals, and co-produced Johnnie Johnson's release "Johnny B. Bad". In the early 1990s Richards played and produced a recording of Jamaican Rastafarians, The Wingless Angels releasing the collaboration on his own label, Mindless Records. He has also recorded with Tom Waits, playing guitar on several songs on Rain Dogs (1985), and playing on, singing and co-writing "That Feel" on Bone Machine (1992). Richards also played with Toots & the Maytals on the song Careless Ethiopians for their 2004 album True Love.

Recordings with other artists
The Stones recently released Rarities 1971-2003 (2006), which includes sixteen rare and limited-issue recordings. Richards has described the released output of the Stones as the "tip of the iceberg." Many unreleased songs and studio jam sessions including their BBC recordings from the early 1960s are widely bootlegged. Many bootlegs feature Richards singing, include the post-bust 1977 Canadian studio sessions, 1981 studio sessions, 1983 wedding tapes, among others. Since unreleased recordings often appear as post-career or posthumous releases - and also due to tangled legal complexities with past management - many of these recordings are available only as bootlegs - often as MP3 files on peer-to-peer sharing programs.

Public image and private life
Doris Richards, Keith's 91-year-old mother lost her battle with cancer and passed away in England on April 21, 2007. In an official statement released by a Richards representative, it was said Richards, her only child, kept a vigil by her bedside during her last days. The Rolling Stones announced a revised tour schedule on June 2, which included a brief statement from Richards apologising for "falling off his perch". The band will tour in Europe in 2007 to make up for some missed dates as a result of the accident. The 2007 tour will start in Belgium on June 5, 2007, as confirmed by Mick Jagger.

Recent news

Solo discography

Talk is Cheap (3 October 1988) UK #37 3 wks; US #24 23 wks; Japan #5 7 wks
Live at the Hollywood Palladium, December 15, 1988 (10 December 1991) Japan #54 4 wks
Main Offender (19 October 1992) UK #45 1 wk; US #99 10 wks; Japan #18 5 wks Albums

"Run Rudolph Run" b/w "The Harder They Come" (December 1978)
"Take It So Hard" (October 1988) #3 US Mainstream Rock
"You Don't Move Me" (November 1988) #18 US Mainstream Rock
"Struggle" (February 1989) #47 US Mainstream Rock
"Wicked As It Seems" (October 1992) #3 US Mainstream Rock
"Eileen" (January 1993) #17 US Mainstream Rock Singles

The New Barbarians: Buried Alive (recorded 1979, released 2006) – the band's 1979 Largo MD concert (guitar, piano, lead and backing vocals)
Jerry Lee Lewis: Last Man Standing: The Duets (2006) – "That Kind of Fool" (duet)
Ronnie Spector: Last of the Rock Stars (2006) – "It's Gonna Work Out Fine" (duet) and "All I Want"
Les Paul & Friends: American Made World Played (2005) – "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl"
Buddy Guy Bring "Em In – "The Price You Gotta Pay"
Toots & the Maytals: True Love (2004) – "Careless Ethiopians" (duet)
Return to Sin City: A Tribute to Gram Parsons (2004) – "Love Hurts" (duet with Norah Jones), "Hickory Wind" (duet with Jim Lauderdale), "Wild Horses" (with the Sin City all-star ensemble)
Willie Nelson & Friends: Outlaws & Angels (2004) – "We Had It All" (duet with Willie Nelson), "Trouble in Mind" and "Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On" (with Jerry Lee Lewis, Willie Nelson, et al)
Hubert Sumlin: About Them Shoes (2004) – "Still a Fool" (lead vocal), "I Love the Life I Lead" and "Little Girl"
Willie Nelson & Friends: Stars & Guitars (2002) – "Dead Flowers" (with the Lost Highwaymen)
Alexis Korner: Musically Rich...and Famous: Anthology 1967-1982 (2003) (Guitar on "Get Off My Cloud")
Peter Wolf: Sleepless (2002) - guitar
John Phillips: Pay, Pack & Follow (recorded 1973–1979, released 2001) – co-producer, guitar
Charlie Watts: Charlie Watts - Jim Keltner Project (2000) - guitar
Timeless: Tribute to Hank Williams (2001) – "You Win Again"
Sheryl Crow: "Happy" Sheryl Crow & Friends: Live From Central Park (1999)
Marianne Faithfull: This Little Bird (1998) - guitar with Ron Wood
B.B. King: Deuces Wild (1997) - guitar
Scotty Moore: All the King's Men (1997). "Deuce and a Quarter", (duet with Levon Helm)
Ivan Neville: Thanks (1995) - guitar with Ron Wood, Scrape (2004) - guitar
Bernie Worrell: Funk of Ages (1994) - guitar
Bobby Womack: Resurrection (1994) - guitar
Wingless Angels (1993) – producer
Jimmy Rogers All-Stars: Blues Blues Blues – "Trouble No More" and "Don't Start Me Talkin'" - guitar
George Jones: Bradley Barn Sessions (1993) – "Say It's Not You" (duet)
Ian McLagan: Troublemaker (1993) - guitar with Ron Wood
Tom Waits: Bone Machine (1992) – "That Feel" (co-composer, backing vocal and guitar), Rain Dogs (1985) - guitar
Weird Nightmare: Meditations on Mingus (1992) – "Oh Lord Don't Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb on Me (lead vocal and guitar)
John Lee Hooker (1991) – Mr. Lucky "Crawling King Snake" - guitar and "Whiskey and Wimmen" - guitar, backing vocal
Johnnie Johnson: Johnnie B. Bad (1991) – "Key to the Highway" (lead vocal, guitar, co-producer), "Tanqueray" (guitar, co-composer).
The Neville Brothers: Uptown (1991) - guitar
Ziggy Marley: Conscious Party (1988) "Lee & Molly" - guitar
Feargal Sharkey: Wish (1988) - guitar
Nona Hendryx: Female Trouble (1987) - guitar
Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll (1987) – soundtrack of Chuck Berry concert film (additional material released on DVD June 2006) – "Crawling King Snake" guitar
Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) – producer on Aretha Franklin's version of the title song
Sun City, Artists United Against Apartheid (1985) – "Silver and Gold" (guitar, co-composer) with Ron Wood and U2's Bono and The Edge
Max Romeo: Holding Out My Love For You (1981) – recorded guitar and mixed tracks
Dirty Strangers: Dirty Strangers. (1980) - guitar with Ron Wood
Ron Wood: Now Look (1975) – "Breathe on Me", "I Can't Stand the Rain", "I Can Say She's Alright" (guitar, backing vocals)
Peter Tosh: Bush Doctor (1978) – guitar
Ron Wood: I've Got My Own Album to Do (1974) – "Sure the One You Need" (co-composer, lead vocal and guitar), "Act Together" (co-composer, guitar, backing vocals); guitar and backing vocals on most other tracks
Billy Preston: That's the Way God Planned It (1969) - guitar Rolling Stones lead vocals
An incomplete list of some of the most popular bootleg tracks unreleased by the Rolling Stones or Richards in any market world-wide. Verification of the track should be documented by citing some sources, such as The Rolling Stones Complete Recording Sessions 1962 – 2002

"Sometimes Happy, Sometimes Blue" (early version of "Dandelion") (recorded 1966, unreleased outtake)
"Gimme Shelter" (recorded 1969, unreleased Let It Bleed outtake, 1969)
"Rip This Joint" (recorded 1971 – 1972, unreleased Exile On Main Street outtake, 1972)
"Scarlet" (recorded 1974, unreleased solo demo featuring Jimmy Page from Led Zeppelin on guitar)
"I Got A Letter" (recorded 1974, unreleased Black And Blue outtake)
"Holding On" (recorded 1976, unreleased solo demo)
"Bad Luck" (recorded 1977, unreleased solo demo)
"Let's Go Steady, Again" (recorded 1977, Toronto sessions),

  • Live version released 2006 on Buried Alive: Live in Maryland.
    "Worried Life Blues" (recorded 1977, Toronto sessions),

    • Live version released 2006 on Buried Alive: Live in Maryland.
      "Apartment No.9" (recorded 1977, Toronto sessions)

      • Live version released 2006 on Buried Alive: Live in Maryland.
        "I Can't Help It" (recorded 1977 – 1978, unreleased Some Girls outtake)
        "I Think I'm Going Mad" (recorded 1982, unreleased Undercover outtake)
        "Crushed Pearl" (1985) Dirty Work outtake
        "Breakin'" (1985) Dirty Work outtake
        "Too Much" (1985) Dirty Work outtake
        "Deep Love" (1985) Dirty Work outtake
        "You Don't Tell Me" (with Bobby Womack) Dirty Work outtake
        "Almost Hear You Sigh" (1987) Talk is Cheap outtake
        "Love is Strong/Strange" (1993) Voodoo Lounge outtake
        "It's Funny" (1993) Voodoo Lounge outtake
        "You Got it Made" (1993) Voodoo Lounge outtake

Thursday, August 30, 2007


Contessa Brewer is a news anchor for MSNBC. She joined MSNBC in September of 2003 after working for WTMJ-TV-WTMJ-DT in Milwaukee, Wisconsin as a weekend anchor and general assignment reporter. She has also worked for KMIR-TV-KMIR-DT in Palm Springs, California from 1997 to 1999, and KRNV-TV-KRNV-DT in Reno, Nevada.
Contessa Brewer

Tuesday, August 28, 2007


KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. Owned by the Tribune Company, KTLA is an affiliate of the CW television network. KTLA's studios are on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, and its transmitter is located atop Mount Wilson. The station's signal covers the Southern California region, and KTLA is also available as a regional superstation via cable and satellite in the United States and Canada. KTLA was the first commercially licensed television station in the western United States, having began operations in 1947.
From January 1995 to September 2006, KTLA had been an affiliate of the WB television network. Prior to 1995, KTLA was one of the leading independent stations in the country.

History
Originally owned by Paramount Pictures subsidiary Television Productions, Inc., and located on the Paramount studio lot, the station was licensed by the Federal Communications Commission in 1939 as experimental station W6XYZ, on channel 4, but did not go on the air until September 1942. Klaus Landsberg, already an accomplished television pioneer at the age of 26, was the original station manager and engineer. On January 22, 1947, it was licensed for commercial broadcast as KTLA on channel 5, becoming the first commercial television station to broadcast west of the Mississippi River. Estimates of television sets in the Los Angeles area at the time ranged from 350 to 600.
Bob Hope served as the emcee for KTLA's inaugural broadcast, which was broadcast that evening from a garage on the Paramount Studios lot. The program, titled as the "Western Premiere of Commercial Television", featured appearances from many Hollywood luminaries. Hope delivered what was perhaps the most famous line of the evening when, at the program's start, he identified the new station as "KTL", mistakenly omitting the "A" at the end of the call sign.
KTLA originally carried programming from Paramount's partner, DuMont, but discontinued the practice after the 1947-48 season. Despite this, the FCC still considered KTLA and sister station, WBKB (now WBBM-TV) in Chicago to be DuMont owned-and-operated stations because Paramount held a minority stake in DuMont. As a result, the agency would not allow DuMont to buy additional VHF stations -- a problem that would later play a large role in the failure of the DuMont network, whose programming was splintered among other Los Angeles stations until the network's demise in 1956. In 1958, KTLA moved to the Paramount Sunset Studios on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, now the Warner Sunset Studios.
In 1964, KTLA was purchased by actor and singer Gene Autry and merged with his other radio properties (including Los Angeles' KMPC) into an umbrella company, Golden West Broadcasters. From 1964 to 1995, the station was the broadcast TV home of the Los Angeles/California Angels baseball team, which was also owned by Autry. KTLA carried selected Los Angeles Lakers games from the early-to-mid 1970s. During the 1970s, KTLA became one of the nation's first superstations, and was eventually carried on cable systems across much of the country west of the Mississippi.
In the 1960s and 1970s, KTLA ran a mix of syndicated westerns, drama shows, first-run talk shows, movies, and pro sports. It also launched a 10 p.m. newscast in the 1960s, the simply-titled News at Ten (now KTLA Prime News). In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the station added syndicated sitcom reruns into the mix.

Early years
KTLA continued with this format into the 1980s. In 1982, Golden West sold KTLA to investment firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. for $245 million. In 1985 Kohlberg Kravis Roberts sold KTLA to Tribune Broadcasting. Under Tribune, KTLA continued to acquire high rated off-network sitcoms as well as talk shows. In July 1991, KTLA added the first live, local morning newscast, the KTLA Morning News, to compete with major network morning shows. At first, the KTLA Morning News suffered from low ratings. However, the ability to cover breaking news live (as opposed to the network morning programs, which were aired on a three-hour tape delay) attracted more viewers to channel 5. As time went on, the KTLA Morning News has enjoyed great ratings success, generally ranking number one in its main 7-9 a.m. time period. The program's success spawned rival KTTV to launch its own local morning program, Good Day L.A., in 1993.
In March 1991, KTLA was the first station to air the infamous video of the Rodney King beating by Los Angeles police. From 1994 to 1995 the station aired gavel to gavel coverage of the O.J. Simpson trial anchored by Marta Waller.

A Tribune Broadcasting Station
In January 1995, KTLA became a charter affiliate of The WB Television Network, in which KTLA's parent company Tribune held a 25 percent ownership stake. That fall, KTLA added afternoon cartoons from Kids' WB, entering the children's television business for the first time in years. KTLA also broadcasts the annual Tournament of Roses Parade live from the city of Pasadena as well, with Bob Eubanks and Stephanie Edwards as the commentators from 1978 to 2007. Michaela Pereira replaced Stephanie Edwards in 2007. The station has aired the Rose Parade since 1948, and while other local stations also broadcast the parade (most notably, one-time Sunset Boulevard neighbor, KTTV) over the years, KTLA remains the sole English-language outlet in the Los Angeles area to continuously broadcast the Rose Parades. The station has also returned as host broadcaster of the Hollywood Christmas Parade (which is syndicated to all Tribune and WB stations).
Tribune purchased Times Mirror, parent company of the Los Angeles Times, in 2000, bringing the Times into common ownership with KTLA. Ironically, the Times had been the original owner of Los Angeles' Fox station KTTV.

The WB comes to KTLA
The station launched a new branding campaign in January 2005, which omitted all references to its channel 5 position (Although when rebranding as a CW affiliate, the channel 5 reference would return). It adopted a new logo, and became known on the air as KTLA The WB: Where L.A. Lives. The new look also featured a brand new black and orange color scheme for news broadcasts and other functions of the network.
On January 24, 2006, Time-Warner and CBS Corporation announced it would be ceasing operations on its WB and UPN networks in September 2006, and have created a joint-venture to form a network, The CW. KTLA became the Los Angeles affiliate of the new network. KCOP became the area's My Network TV affiliate. The channel officially rebranded itself as "KTLA 5 The CW" on September 18, 2006.

"Where L.A. Lives"
Today, KTLA is a typical CW affiliate running the usual blend of syndicated shows such as first-run talk and reality shows, off-network sitcoms and dramas, cartoons from Kids' WB, first-run prime time programming from the CW, early morning and 10 p.m. newscasts, and sports. KTLA is the over-the-air home of the Los Angeles Clippers; the station carried Clippers games from 1985 to 1991, and picked them up again in 2002 and was also the TV home of the Los Angeles Dodgers from 1993 to 2001. Although not as wide-spread in national carriage as its Chicago sister station, WGN-TV, KTLA is available via satellite as a superstation, through out North America on Ku-band, C-band, and Dish Network systems, as well as on cable systems in selected cities throughout the Southwestern part of the United States and in Canada nationwide.
KTLA offers around 30 hours per week of local news, and its 10 p.m. newscast was #1 rated for decades until KTTV took the No. 1 spot consistently since 2000. The KTLA Morning Show is the number two-rated local morning show, behind Good Day L.A. This is one of many major stations in Los Angeles offering plenty of local news. However, they do not yet offer an early evening and midday newscast. They still run many syndicated sitcoms in the evenings, such as According To Jim, Will & Grace, My Wife and Kids, Friends, and Everybody Loves Raymond.
KTLA is also home to Tribune Studios, where shows like Family Feud (current version), Greed, Fox's Celebrity Boxing specials, WKRP in Cincinnati, Judge Judy, Name That Tune (Tom Kennedy and Jim Lange versions), The Newlywed Game, and Judge Joe Brown have been produced over the years. With this location, KTLA and KCET are currently the only Los Angeles area broadcasters based in Hollywood.
On January 13, 2007, KTLA became the second TV station in the Los Angeles market (after KABC-TV) to offer newscasts in high definition. In addition, KTLA also introduced the "KTLA Telecopter HD," a news helicopter capable of broadcasting in High Definition. KABC-TV became the first station to offer news in High Definition a year before. However, as of now, only the in-studio cameras and their Telecopter are able to transmit HD signals for KTLA News. Their field cameras and all other footages remain in standard definition. In April 2007, CBS Owned and operated stations KCBS and KCAL became the 3rd and 4th stations in Los Angeles to broadcast news in HD.
On January 22, 2007, KTLA celebrated its 60th anniversary of continuous broadcasting in Los Angeles. Two days later, on January 24, 2007, KTLA was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, becoming the first television station or network to receive such an honor. In addition to the station itself, five other individuals associated with the station — former owner Gene Autry, reporters Stan Chambers and Larry McCormick, longtime news anchor Hal Fishman, and KTLA founder Klaus Landsberg — have also received stars on the Walk of Fame.

KTLA today
Several of its well-known evening news anchors include Hal Fishman, who died of cancer in August 2007, and Larry McCormick, who died after a long illness in September 2004. Its veteran field reporters Stan Chambers and Warren Wilson (who has since retired). Stu Nahan and Ed Arnold (who now anchors KOCE-TV's Real Orange) were formerly the sports anchors. Accompanying his news anchoring career, McCormick also hosted KTLA's own public affairs production called Making It!, which featured stories on the entrepreneurial successes of ethnic minorities.
KTLA News has a special partnership with the Los Angeles Times, which has been co-owned with the station since 2000. In 2005 according the Nielsen ratings KTLA's Morning News Show was #1 in Los Angeles, beating Good Day L.A. on KTTV 11. The Popular KTLA Morning Show is now #1 in the ratings within the Los Angeles Market. The Good Day L.A. Broadcast on Fox 11 is a close #2.
For many years KTLA's news operations were considered the benchmark of Los Angeles Television. It's News At Ten program (now called Prime News) was often serious and no-nonsense in nature and has received many awards and distinctions. Over the years, KTLA's newscasts have become more tabloid-based in nature, perhaps to compete with KTTV. Both stations have rivaled each other in ratings for many years. As part of the change, KTLA has placed more emphasis in entertainment news, and has featured personalities including Mindy Burbano Stearns, Zorianna Kitt, and recently Ross King as entertainment reporters. In 2004, KTLA debuted a reality show segment on its morning news titled The Audition, in which several actors and actresses competed for a role as weathercaster on KTLA's 10 p.m. Newscast. Ross King was the winner in the first installment, and Jessica Holmes, of Nickelodeon fame, won in the second and is now their morning traffic reporter. Although KTLA does not cover police pursuits like other stations, they have put more emphasis in local crime stories, as opposed to politics, health, and other serious news. As part of the 2005 graphics change, KTLA's graphics were significantly modernized, and a new, futuristic-looking set was constructed for their newscasts.
On May 29, 2006, the KTLA Morning News became The KTLA Morning Show. On August 7 of the same year, KTLA extended their Morning Show news broadcast by an hour, creating five straight hours of news between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m.
KTLA has also created synergy between Tribune Company entities. For example, entertainment reporter Sam Rubin is often seen on WGN in Chicago. Ron Olsen also frequently reports on upcoming stories in the Los Angeles Times from the paper's headquarters in Downtown L.A.
During the 1970s, KTLA operated a well-equipped helicopter known as the "Telecopter" for its news operations (having debuted in 1958); the Telecopter was the most advanced airborne television broadcast device of its time, but was ultimately sold to another Los Angeles station, KNBC, which flew the Telecopter with pilot Francis Gary Powers and cameraman George Spears until its fatal crash on August 1, 1977. KNBC restored the name "Telecopter" with other helicopters starting in the early 1980's.

Controversies

Newscast Lineup

KTLA Morning News First Edition - 5:00AM-6:00AM
KTLA Morning News Early Edition - 6:00AM-7:00AM
KTLA Morning Show - 7:00AM-10:00AM
KTLA Prime News - 10:00PM-11:00PM (replayed from 4:00AM-5:00AM) Monday-Friday

KTLA Prime News - 10:00PM-11:00PM KTLA Saturday

Pacesetters - 6:00am-6:30am (Public Affairs Programming)
Making It! Minority Success Stories - 6:30am-7:00am (Public Affairs Programming)
KTLA Prime News - 10:00pm-10:30pm
Sports Plus - 10:30pm-11:00pm Sunday

Carlos Amezcua - morning news anchor/Interim Evening News Anchor As He Been Filling In Since The Death Of Hal Fishman
Frank Buckley - solo weekend news anchor
Cher Calvin - morning news anchor
Gayle Anderson - morning news reporter and anchor
Leila Feinstein - evening news anchor
Michaela Pereira - morning news anchor
Emmett Miller - morning news anchor/business reporter
Walter Richards - field reporter/Substitute Weekend Prime News for Frank Buckley KTLA Current News Anchors

Ross King - evening entertainment news/Evening Weather as of July 2007
Mark Kriski - morning weather
Jessica Holmes - Weather anchor from 5am-6am Current Weather Anchors

Damon Andrews - evening sports anchor/sports director/host of Sports Plus Sports Anchor

Lu Parker - Morning Entertainment(occasional substitute for Leila Feinstein)
Sam Rubin - entertainment Entermainent Reporters

Janet Choi - field reporter/special assignments
Kalina Rahal - morning show producer
Jaime Chambers - field reporter
Stan Chambers - field reporter
Nicole Gonzales - Morning traffic from KTLA HD Telecopter (First Edition, Early Edition, part of Morning Show)
Kurt Knutsson ("Kurt the Cyberguy") - technology
Johnny McCool - Helicopter pilot. Reports breaking news from KTLA HD Telecopter for Prime News
Lynette Romero - field reporter
Kim Rouggie- field reporter
Willa Sandmeyer - field reporter
Analia Sarno Riggle - Spanish language translator (SAP) for evening news
Commander Chuck Street - Morning Traffic from Mountain Dew/Pepsi Jet Ranger 1
Bill Smith - field reporter, occasional traffic reporter
Chip Yost- field reporter Reporters

Ed Arnold - sports anchor
Terry Anzur - evening news anchor
Barbara Beck - morning news anchor
Mike Botula - reporter
Mindy Burbano - Entertainment Reporter; returned as substitute entertainment reporter for Ross King on July 24, 2006
Joe Buttita - sports anchor
Jann Carl - News At Ten Anchor, 1988-1996 now a weekend anchor and reporter for ET!
Debby Davison - News At Ten Anchor, 1981-1990; later anchored at KEYT in Santa Barbara from 1990-2006 but has moved on.
Tom Duggan - sports and talk-show host (1956-1969), deceased
Giselle Fernández - morning news anchor
Hal Fishman - evening news anchor, (1975-2007), deceased. As of 2007, Fishman was the longest running anchor of KTLA and longest running news anchor in American television history
Roland Galvan - evening weather (1995-2002)
Ted Garcia - weekend news anchor & reporter
Lissette Gonzalez - evening weather (2006-2007) now weekday morning weather for WFOR-TV in Miami
Tom Hatten - longtime KTLA personality 1956-1992, hosted Popeye cartoons and Family Film Festival on weekend afternoons [4]
Desiree Horton - helicopter pilot/reporter 2005 [5] - (Only female helicopter pilot/on-camera reporter in Los Angeles television history)
Dick Lane (TV announcer) - News reporter later famous for hosting the station's wrestling and Roller Games broadcasts
Tiiu Leek - News At Ten Anchor, early to mid 1980s
Larry McCormick - evening news anchor and host of Making It! - died in August 2004
Keith Olbermann Sports Anchor 1980s.
Stu Nahan - sports anchor
George Putnam
Steve Roan - sports anchor early-to-mid 1980s.
Rick De Reyes - reporter
Michele Ruiz - morning news reporter
Sharon Tay - morning news anchor (initially an evening news anchor and field reporter) Now With KCAL/KCBS
Claudia Trejos - Weekend Sports Anchor
Marta Waller - Medical Reporter and fill-in anchor
Warren Wilson - field reporter
Jennifer York [6] - traffic (from helicopter) - Now a radio personality for KFSH-FM
Vin Scully-Dodgers Games
Ross Porter-Dodgers Games
Rick Monday-Dodgers Games
Ken Wilson-Angels Games
Ken Brett-Angels Games
Joe Torre-Angels Games
Bob Starr-Angels Games
Reggie Jackson-Angels Games
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Monday, August 27, 2007


This article is part of the series: Politics and government ofConstitution of the United Kingdom the United Kingdom
The Constitution of the United Kingdom is the uncodified body of law which constitutes the rules for how the country functions. It consists mostly of written sources, including statutes, judge made case law and international treaties. Because of the lack of a single codified constitutional document, the UK constitution is commonly mislabelled as an "unwritten constitution". For the most part it is written, but is not redacted or reduced into a single document.. The constitution is based on the concept of all sovereignty ultimately belonging to Parliament (Parliamentary sovereignty), so the concept of entrenching particular rights, privileges or rules cannot exist. Statutory law is often considered the most important source of the constitution. The UK constitution leaves more constitutional conventions unwritten than other liberal democratic constitutions, with the exceptions of New Zealand and Israel.

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II
Parliament

  • State Opening of Parliament
    House of Lords

    • Lord Speaker: Baroness Hayman
      House of Commons

      • Speaker: Michael Martin
        Prime Minister's Questions
        Her Majesty's Government
        The Privy Council
        Cabinet

        • Prime Minister: Gordon Brown
          Chancellor: Alistair Darling
          Foreign Secretary: David Miliband
          Home Secretary: Jacqui Smith
          Lord Chancellor: Jack Straw
          Full list of members
          Government departments
          The Civil Service
          Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition

          • Leader: David Cameron
            Shadow Cabinet
            Courts of the United Kingdom

            • Courts of England and Wales
              Courts of Northern Ireland
              Courts of Scotland
              Constituent countries
              Politics of Scotland

              • Scottish Parliament
                Scottish Executive
                Politics of Wales

                • National Assembly for Wales
                  Welsh Assembly Government
                  Politics of Northern Ireland

                  • Northern Ireland Assembly
                    Northern Ireland Executive
                    Politics of England

                    • English Regional Assemblies
                      Reserved matters
                      Local government
                      Greater London Authority
                      Elections: 2001 - 2005 - 54th

                      • Parliament constituencies
                        Political parties
                        Constitution
                        Human rights
                        Foreign relations
                        EU Politics Government and Parliament
                        Since there is neither entrenched constitutional law nor a formal separation of powers, Parliament has the ability to change almost any aspect of the constitution at will. The constitution is therefore often spoken of by political scientists as being "organic;" that is, it has "evolved" over time since its medieval origins. but have ruled on constitutional matters whereby two statutes are in conflict - most notably with regards European matters. The courts also have jurisdiction over the extent of Royal Prerogative where not limited by statute.
                        For instance, until recently, there was no modern statute or document that attempted to codify the rights of citizens (e.g. freedom of speech) in the UK, common law precedents being the main source of "rights", referred to as 'civil rights'. Now, through the adoption of European Union law, and the European Convention on Human Rights, citizens are deemed to have certain negative rights that were previously unspecified in the legal system. These are enacted in the European Communities Act 1972 and Human Rights Act 1998, respectively. Constitutional reform has been particularly rapid in the past decade, and include the Human Rights Act; devolution of powers of government to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland; a significant reform of the House of Lords and a Freedom of Information Act.

                        Flexibility
                        The UK constitution draws from a variety of written document and unwritten constitutional convention. The sources are of varying importance, with the written Acts of Parliament (statutes) and EU law being of greatest importance, regulating many aspects of government, and wider systems such as the running of elections. Foreign treaties, which are passed as Acts of Parliament, are also often of constitutional importance. As the United Kingdom uses the common law legal system, precedents established by judges also form a source of the constitution. Other important unwritten sources are Constitutional conventions, which, for example, attempt to establish lines of accountability for ministers. Many such conventions are ancient in origin, and form some of the principles of the constitution. Much about these conventions has been written, and guidelines for ministers and parliamentarians are today available in some detail in writing, despite his party not having a majority in Parliament. Queen Elizabeth II exercised her prerogative after extensive consultation with the Privy Council. Royal prerogatives are often controversial, since they give the government great theoretical power. However, the Royal Prerogative is not unlimited; this was established in the Case of Proclamations (1611), which confirmed that no new prerogative can be created and that Parliament can abolish individual prerogatives.

                        Sources

                        Acts of Parliament

                        • Treaties
                          EU law
                          Common Law
                          Conventions
                          Royal Prerogative
                          Works of authority Summary list
                          The key principles of the constitution are its underlying features. The two most important principles of the British constitution were first established to exist as the "twin pillars" of the constitution by A.V. Dicey, in his work An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (1885). They are that the constitution is built on the twin equal principles of Parliamentary sovereignty and Rule of law. The former means that Parliament is the supreme law making body, it alone can make legislation on a national level. This is an ancient principle, and can be traced clearly from the Restoration, and before. The latter is the principle of equal application of the law: 'everyone is equal before the law'. Although the theory is certainly ancient, from the Magna Carta, 1215 in practice equal application of the law to every subject/citizen in the state only seriously developed from the nineteenth century. Dicey's "twin pillars" interpretation is a legalistic interpretation, and has been criticised by commentators writing about the decline of Parliament's independence and the dominance of the executive in policy making. Though political interpretations of the UK constitution have changed much since Dicey's era, there is no consensus on an alternative legal interpretation.
                          Another important principle is the concept of a unitary state, which is a corollary of Parliamentary sovereignty, and means that unlike in federal or confederal systems, sovereignty resides only at the centre of the state. The power of local and devolved bodies are totally dependent on Acts of Parliament, they could be abolished completely by Parliament if it wished. Constitutional monarchy is a key principle, meaning that the monarch does not technically rule but has a ceremonial role only. This principle traces from Restoration, and by the time Walter Bagehot wrote that the monarchy was the 'dignified parts' of the constitution, the modern situation had been established. However, this is tempered by the fact that parliament technically derives its authority from the Crown by the implicit consent of the monarch. The collective term for the legislative and governmental power of parliament is therefore the King (or Queen) in Parliament principle. This means that the monarch is often described as the "supreme guardian of the constitution" in that he or she could overturn an unconstitutional act of parliament by decree. This is extremely unlikely to happen, however; although the Crown, in theory, can govern by decree, such an act would enable parliament to force an abdication under the power it established and proved during the Abdication Crisis of 1936, when Parliament forced King Edward VIII to abdicate. The monarch, therefore, has an established role to advise, warn, and encourage ministers, although the Crown's executive powers remain unused.
                          The most recent major principle of the constitution is European Union membership, the principle that EU law takes precedence over UK law. This principle was famously identified in the Factortame case in which the Merchant Shipping Act 1988 was overturned. This appears to undermine the principle of Parliamentary sovereignty, but Parliament could still withdraw from the EU by repealing the European Communities Act 1972 so in a way Parliamentary sovereignty is preserved.

                          Constitution of the United Kingdom Key principles

                          A.V. Dicey's "Twin pillars" of the constitution

                          • Parliamentary sovereignty (ancient origins, modern evolution started from the Restoration)
                            Rule of law (ancient origins, modern evolution started in the nineteenth century)
                            Other important principles

                            • Unitary state (ancient origins, derived from monarchy)
                              Constitutional monarchy (originated from the Restoration)
                              EU membership (from 1972, primacy of EU law established in 1990) Summary list
                              While some might assert that the UK does not have a constitution, the vast majority of theorists describe the 1688 compromise between crown and parliament as a constitution, which is the basis of the textbook view described in this article. In one article, Lord Scarman presents a spirited argument for a written constitution for the UK, but still refers to the 1688 compromise and resulting acts of parliament as a constitution.[1]
                              The UK Constitution has no fundamental written source, and is ever changing. It relies much on unwritten convention. Dicey himself identified that ultimately "the electorate are politically sovereign," and Parliament is legally sovereign. A Constitution would impose limits on what Parliament could do without a legal majority. To date, the Parliament of the UK has no limit on its power other than the possibility of extra-parliamentary action (by the people) and of other sovereign states (pursuant to treaties made by Parliament and otherwise).

                              Disputes about the nature of the UK Constitution
                              Because the United Kingdom adheres to the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, there is no hierarchy in statutory Acts of Parliament. But clearly for most people the Representation of the People Act 1918 is more important than the Zoo Licensing Act 1981 (unless, perhaps, you are a zookeeper). In Thoburn v Sunderland City Council Lord Justice Laws from the High Court decided that he would try to establish a principle of law on this matter, that the United Kingdom courts ought to recognise a hierarchy.
                              "In the present state of its maturity the common law has come to recognise that there exist rights which should properly be classified as constitutional or fundamental... And from this a further insight follows. We should recognise a hierarchy of Acts of Parliament: as it were "ordinary" statutes and "constitutional" statutes. The two categories must be distinguished on a principled basis. In my opinion a constitutional statute is one which (a) conditions the legal relationship between citizen and State in some general, overarching manner, or (b) enlarges or diminishes the scope of what we would now regard as fundamental constitutional rights. (a) and (b) are of necessity closely related: it is difficult to think of an instance of (a) that is not also an instance of (b). The special status of constitutional statutes follows the special status of constitutional rights. Examples are the Magna Carta, the Bill of Rights 1689, the Act of Union, the Reform Acts which distributed and enlarged the franchise, the HRA, the Scotland Act 1998 and the Government of Wales Act 1998. The ECA clearly belongs in this family. It incorporated the whole corpus of substantive Community rights and obligations, and gave overriding domestic effect to the judicial and administrative machinery of Community law. It may be there has never been a statute having such profound effects on so many dimensions of our daily lives. The ECA is, by force of the common law, a constitutional statute."
                              This was wholly obiter dicta (i.e. not relevant to the case at hand and so not binding precedent), and entirely unfounded. Regardless of whether a rule of law ought to exist, it does represent a significant body of opinion that believes certain legal foundations ought not to be open to reevaluation. Below is a list of some more key statutes, commonly held as of high importance.

                              Key statutes and conventions

                              Magna Carta (1215)
                              Habeas Corpus Act 1679
                              Bill of Rights 1689 - for England and Wales
                              Claim of Right 1689 - for Scotland
                              Act of Settlement 1701
                              Act of Union 1707 - union of the Kingdom of England & the Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain
                              Act of Union 1800 - union of Great Britain & Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
                              Reform Act 1832
                              Reform Act 1867
                              Reform Act 1884
                              Parliament Acts (of 1911 and 1949)
                              Representation of the People Act 1918
                              Government of Ireland Act 1920
                              Irish Free State (Agreement) Act 1922, Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922, and Irish Free State (Consequential Provisions) Act 1922
                              Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
                              Representation of the People Act 1928
                              Statute of Westminster 1931
                              Representation of the People Act 1949
                              Life Peerages Act 1958
                              Representation of the People Act 1969
                              European Communities Act 1972
                              Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973
                              Human Rights Act 1998
                              Scotland Act 1998
                              Government of Wales Act 1998
                              Northern Ireland Act 1998
                              House of Lords Act 1999
                              Freedom of Information Act 2000
                              Constitutional Reform Act 2005
                              Government of Wales Act 2006 Selected key statutes

                              Relating to monarchy

                              • The Sovereign shall grant the Royal Assent to all Bills passed by Parliament (the Royal Assent was last refused by Queen Anne in 1708, for the Scottish Militia Bill 1708).[2]
                                The monarch will not dissolve Parliament without the advice of the Prime Minister.
                                The monarch will ask the leader of the dominant party in the House of Commons to form a government, and if there is no dominant party, the leader most likely to be able to form a government.
                                The monarch will ask a member of the House of Commons (rather than the House of Lords or someone outside Parliament) to form a government. It remains possible, however, for a caretaker Prime Minister to be drawn from the House of Lords.
                                All ministers are to be drawn from the House of Commons or the House of Lords.
                                The House of Lords will accept any legislation that was in the Government's manifesto (the 'Salisbury Convention') – in recent years this convention has been broken by the Lords.
                                Individual Ministerial Responsibility
                                Collective Ministerial Responsibility Some important conventions
                                The Labour government under Prime Minister Tony Blair instituted sweeping constitutional reforms in the late 1990s and early-to-mid 2000s. The incorporation of the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law has granted citizens specific negative rights and given the judiciary some power to enforce them. The courts can encourage Parliament to amend primary legislation that conflicts with the Act by a "declaration of incompatibility," and courts can refuse to enforce or "strike down" any incompatible secondary legislation. Any actions of government authorities that violate Convention rights are illegal except if forced to by an Act of Parliament.
                                Recent reforms have also decentralised the UK by setting up a devolved parliament in Scotland and assemblies in Wales and Northern Ireland. Devolution has challenged the tradition of the UK being a centralised, unitary state, which indeed it never was since Scotland and Ireland (until 1801) always had separate governments or legal systems. Some commentators have stated the UK is now a "quasi-federal" state.
                                These reforms have undermined the concept of Parliamentary sovereignty somewhat, even though Parliament could still abolish the devolved assemblies and repeal the Human Rights Act. In reality such action is unlikely so these restrictions on the legislative power of Parliament are likely to remain on the statute book for the time being.
                                The passing of an unprecedented Freedom of Information Act has challenged the traditional British notion that governments should not disclose too many details of its operations.
                                The government has shown a desire to abolish the position of Lord Chancellor, a position that unusually combines executive, legislative and judicial power in conflict with the notion of the separation of powers. This however has been defeated in the House of Lords. A further apparent breach of separation of powers, the presence of Law Lords (members of the judiciary) in the House of Lords, will be removed by moving the Lords to the new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom by 2009. Ironically separation of power was a concept described by the French philosopher Montesquieu after analysing the contemporary British constitution, which reflected the way in which the constitution actually operated. He did not necessarily anticipate a separation of offices, but was rather describing the separation of functions.