Thursday, December 27, 2007

Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution
This article is part of the series: United States Constitution
Articles of the Constitution IIIIIIIVVVIVII
Subsequent Amendments XI ∙ XII ∙ XIII ∙ XIV ∙ XV ∙ XVI XVII ∙ XVIII ∙ XIX ∙ XX ∙ XXI ∙ XXII XXIII ∙ XXIV ∙ XXV ∙ XXVI ∙ XXVII
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Amendment XXIV (the Twenty-fourth Amendment) of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax. The amendment was proposed by Congress to the states on August 29, 1962 and was ratified by the states on January 23, 1964.
Poll taxes had been enacted in eleven Southern states after Reconstruction as a measure to prevent poor black and white people from voting, and had been held to be unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court. At the time of this amendment's passage, only five states still retained a poll tax: Virginia, Alabama, Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi. However, it wasn't until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections (1966) that the poll tax was officially declared unconstitutional because it violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Text
Congress proposed the Twenty-fourth Amendment on August 27, 1962. The following states ratified the amendment:
Ratification was completed on January 23, 1964. The amendment was subsequently ratified by the following states:
This amendment rejected by the following state:

Illinois (November 14, 1962)
New Jersey (December 3, 1962)
Oregon (January 25, 1963)
Montana (January 28, 1963)
West Virginia (February 1, 1963)
New York (February 4, 1963)
Maryland (February 6, 1963)
California (February 7, 1963)
Alaska (February 11, 1963)
Rhode Island (February 14, 1963)
Indiana (February 19, 1963)
Utah (February 20, 1963)
Michigan (February 20, 1963)
Colorado (February 21, 1963)
Ohio (February 27, 1963)
Minnesota (February 27, 1963)
New Mexico (March 5, 1963)
Hawaii (March 6, 1963)
North Dakota (March 7, 1963)
Idaho (March 8, 1963)
Washington (March 14, 1963)
Vermont (March 15, 1963)
Nevada (March 19, 1963)
Connecticut (March 20, 1963)
Tennessee (March 21, 1963)
Pennsylvania (March 25, 1963)
Wisconsin (March 26, 1963)
Kansas (March 28, 1963)
Massachusetts (March 28, 1963)
Nebraska (April 4, 1963)
Florida (April 18, 1963)
Iowa (April 24, 1963)
Delaware (May 1, 1963)
Missouri (May 13, 1963)
New Hampshire (June 12, 1963)
Kentucky (June 27, 1963)
Maine (January 16, 1964)
South Dakota (January 23, 1964)
Virginia (February 25, 1977)
North Carolina (May 3, 1989)
Alabama (2002)
Mississippi (December 20, 1962)

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